The `math`

element from the MathML
namespace falls into the embedded content,
phrasing content, and flow content
categories for the purposes of the content models in this
specification.

User agents must handle text other than inter-element
whitespace found in MathML elements whose content models do
not allow straight text by pretending for the purposes of MathML
content models, layout, and rendering that that text is actually
wrapped in an `mtext`

element in the
MathML namespace. (Such text is not, however,
conforming.)

User agents must act as if any MathML element whose contents does
not match the element's content model was replaced, for the purposes
of MathML layout and rendering, by an `merror`

element in the MathML namespace containing some
appropriate error message.

To enable authors to use MathML tools that only accept MathML in its XML form, interactive HTML user agents are encouraged to provide a way to export any MathML fragment as an XML namespace-well-formed XML fragment.

The semantics of MathML elements are defined by the MathML specification and other applicable specifications. [MATHML]

Here is an example of the use of MathML in an HTML document:

<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>The quadratic formula</title> </head> <body> <h1>The quadratic formula</h1> <p> <math> <mi>x</mi> <mo>=</mo> <mfrac> <mrow> <mo form="prefix">−</mo> <mi>b</mi> <mo>±</mo> <msqrt> <msup> <mi>b</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msup> <mo>−</mo> <mn>4</mn> <mo></mo> <mi>a</mi> <mo></mo> <mi>c</mi> </msqrt> </mrow> <mrow> <mn>2</mn> <mo></mo> <mi>a</mi> </mrow> </mfrac> </math> </p> </body> </html>

The `svg`

element from the SVG
namespace falls into the embedded content,
phrasing content, and flow content
categories for the purposes of the content models in this
specification.

To enable authors to use SVG tools that only accept SVG in its XML form, interactive HTML user agents are encouraged to provide a way to export any SVG fragment as an XML namespace-well-formed XML fragment.

When the SVG `foreignObject`

element contains
elements from the HTML namespace, such elements must
all be flow content. [SVG]

The content model for `title`

elements in the
SVG namespace inside HTML documents is
phrasing content. (This further constrains the
requirements given in the SVG specification.)

The semantics of SVG elements are defined by the SVG specification and other applicable specifications. [SVG]

The SVG specification includes requirements regarding the
handling of elements in the DOM that are not in the SVG namespace,
that are in SVG fragments, and that are not included in a
`foreignObject`

element. *This*
specification does not define any processing for elements in SVG
fragments that are not in the HTML namespace; they are considered
neither conforming nor non-conforming from the perspective of this
specification.